Ever since the year 450 AD, there have been traces of human activity in Romainmôtier and in the valley of the Nozon. Two early monasteries were followed in the 10th century AD by the construction of the Abbey of Romainmôtier, which is still standing today. The Abbey was built by the monks of Cluny, who spread the fame of the Cluny monastic order all over Europe.
The village and its surrounding region have become important tourist sites, partly because of Romainmôtier’s rich historical heritage, partly because of its unspoiled natural surroundings and the traces that can be seen today of a population that once lived and worked there under very hard physical conditions.
The village of Romainmôtier covers an area of 7 hectares and is situated at an altitude of 659 m. On its borders are the villages of Premier, Bretonnières, Croy, Juriens et Vaulion. The village has 470 inhabitants. Apart from a small number of people who work in tourist-related activities within the village, 70% of the population travels outside the village to work.